If you could do population management at a worldwide level, you would look at the current density and available resources, yes? That would be the most viable and survivable solution. Perhaps tweaked a little towards actual habitable land, because steep rocky mountains can be pretty hard to try and survive on. But that’s besides the point;
We’re already at 416(!) humans per km2 in The Netherlands, in Canada by comparison that’s 4 per km2, in the US it’s 33 per km2, in France it’s 106 per km2 and in Denmark there are around 132 humans/km2. Just some examples. I find it absurd that not one world leader with half of a brain comes up with decent dividing of habitable land by now. Not even a proposition to that end. Hell no; All they’re doing is pulling up walls, protecting resources for their own, keeping it for themselves. The great golden new-lib way that supposedly works miracles for any economy seems to have made mush and mulch of many “rock star economies” to the extent that the filthy rich land owning nations can’t afford basic social welfare improvements or even local refugees. Which is all utter nonsense: We know it’s just that the neo-libs currently in power and paid for by the Big Corp money boys (fossil fuels and livestock industries) want to avoid setting a precedent ’cause they know what’s coming down the road, and it’ll soon enough turn into an endless flood of humanity once they open the doors. Which should be done anyway, especially since it was us first worlders who turned the thermostat up and broke the machine to begin with.
Nobody inherited land on earth, they’re all just pretending to have ownership of it. This (strictly human) game of pretend ownership will all come tumbling down when shit hits fans in densely populated areas, mass migrations will be the unavoidable norm. And the masses will know exactly where the least densely populated areas are, because food options are better there.